Ang Pasyon at si Gaspar Aquino de Belen

Source:
Tagalog Poetry, 1570–1898: Tradition and Influences in Its Development
by Bienvenido L. Lumbera

For:
Heritage Conservation Society-Diwa ng Batangan

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Smartbro Internet

SmartBro Wireless Broadband Internet is currently offered at P999 per month with a speed of up to 384 kbps - 7x faster than dial-up so you can do more with your internet connection. Get faster downloads, view streaming audio and video content, see and hear your chat mates; all these you can do with a SmartBro Plan 999 subscription.

And not just that, you get Value-Added Services (VAS) and other offers exclusive to Plan 999 subscribers to compliment your fast internet connection so you get more out of your subscription.

The service works by simply installing a SmartBro antenna at your home which is directed to the nearest Smart cellsite to give you the strongest connection signal possible. And once the antenna is cabled to your home computer, you’re instantly connected and ready to chat, e-mail and surf up to 7x faster than the speed of dialup!

Frequently Asked Questions:
What is SmartBro?
SmartBro is the amazing wireless broadband service from Smart. It is a high-speed broadband internet connection that uses the nationwide cellular network of Smart to wirelessly deliver internet service to a subscriber's PC. The "wireless" connection is from the nearest Smart Cellular Base Station to the sub's location where a SmartBro antenna will be installed. There will still be in-house cabling from the antenna to the sub's PC.

The SmartBro technology is called Broadband Wireless Access (BWA). Using the cellular phone network of Smart, SmartBro antennas (called the "Canopy" CPE, or customer premises equipment) are installed in a specific location in your house that receives a certain radio frequency transmitted from the nearest Smart Cellular base station. Provided that the antenna is aligned at "line-of-sight" to receive the strongest signal possible, it will allow any household in the Philippines to now enjoy a high speed internet connection without the need of a physical cable/phone line, which is several times faster than any dial-up internet connection.

SmartBro was launched nationwide on April 23, 2006 , supported by media and below-the-line activities.

Why should I subscribe to SmartBro?
  • Absolutely no need for a phone line, no need to wait for cables to be laid out
  • Nationwidest broadband coverage.
  • It utilizes Smart's extensive Base Station coverage to provide a wireless broadband service from the Base Station to the Subscriber's residence.
  • Antenna can be installed anywhere there is a strong signal association.
  • Anytime, Always-on, unlimited Internet Access.
  • No need to Dial-up to an ISP. No login required (after the initial activation).
  • Best value for money because of its affordable rates.
What are the requirements to get connected to SmartBro?
The Subscriber’s minimum system requirements are:
  • Pentium II or higher.
  • 128 MB of RAM or higher (preferably 256 MB of RAM)
  • Ethernet/LAN Card
  • At least 10GB of Hard Disk Space.
  • Operating System: Windows 98, 2000, XP, Linux and Macintosh.
Are subscribers guaranteed the published speeds?
SmartBro’s published speeds are the maximum possible speeds given in the broadband connection. While the speed can often burst to such levels, there are times when forms of technical interference such as noise, electrical shorts or software problems can interfere with the speed, which are beyond Smart’s control.

Also, certain websites may be suffering from slowdowns as well, especially very busy sites like Yahoo or MSN; as well as graphic-heavy sites such as ClickTheCity.com. The servers of most of these major sites are often located in other countries, such as the United States, which can further degrade performance due to the distance the signal must travel.

Furthermore, please note that SmartBro is responsible only for providing the wireless broadband connection up to a single PC. Using multiple PCs can further slow down the speed since the bandwidth will be shared among them.

How long does it take to get a SmartBro connection?
Upon submission and completion of form as well as payment of initial fees, installation will be scheduled within 3 to 4 working days.

How will SmartBro subscribers be billed?
Subscribers will receive a Statement of Account (SOA) by postal mail or courier service, on a fixed billing cycle.

In fact, Smart will open up more payment channels within the next few months, making it even easier for SmartBro subscribers to pay their bills.

What will SmartBro subscribers see in their first monthly bill?
SmartBro bills its subscribers in advance. The subscriber’s payment of the installation fee and first month service fee will trigger the activation of SmartBro. Hence, the first monthly bill will reflect the following month’s service fee.

Tagalog Origin

The origin of the Tagalogs is still disputed and speculation among linguists that the ancestors of the Tagalogs originated from their cultivating homeland or what is now Taal, Batangas, or from northeastern Mindanao or eastern Visayas (according to linguists such as Dr. David Zorc and Dr. Robert Blust) where their closer linguistic kinsmen (the Visayans) dwelled. The primary centers of Tagalog civilization were based in riverine deltas, especially those in what are now Manila, Taal in Batangas, Pila in Laguna, and scattered townships along Manila Bay.

Batangas is generally considered and accepted by linguists as the 'Heart of the Tagalog Language' as the dialect of Tagalog spoken here closely resembles the Tagalog spoken before the arrival of the Spanish. Therefore, a strong presence of the Tagalog Culture is clearly visible until now. Though generally intelligible to speakers of other dialects, such as the Manila and Tayabas dialects, the vocabulary of the Batangan Dialect is more closely related to the ancient Tagalog. Rarely do Batangueños use Taglish, name given to a mix of English and Tagalog, as the custom in Manila.

Although it is widely accepted that the term Tagalog came from the word 'Taga-Ilog' o river dwellers, (referring to the Pasig River of former Rizal province towns and Manila), Wang The-Ming pointed out in his writings that Batangas was the real centre of the Tagalog Tribe, which he then identified as Ma-yi. According to this Chinese Annals, Ma-yi had its centre in Batangas and extends northwards to Cavite, Bataan (thru Cavite), Laguna, Quezon, Manila, Rizal, and ending in Bulacan (the reason why Pampanga and some parts of Nueva Ecija is not infiltrated), and southwards in the provinces of Mindoro, Marinduque and island of Lubang, some parts of Zambales (thru Bataan), Nueva Ecija (thru Bulacan) and Tarlac (thru Nueva Ecija) and now spreading in some parts of Aurora (thru Quezon and Bulacan), Palawan (thru Mindoro), Camarines Norte (thru Quezon) and northern part of Camarines Sur in Bicol. If you will notice, Batangas sits in the center of the whole Tagalog nation.



Maria Kalaw Katigbak, a Filipino historian, was quoted to call the Batangueños the Super-Tagalogs. This is because these group of people belonging to the Tagalog stock is the paramount example of what one can expect from this ethnolinguistic group. Added to that, many historians interchangeably use the term Tagalog and Batangueño. An extremely rare example of pre-Spanish Tagalog script was found in Calatagan, Batangas. The script is called Baybayin, and was derived from Javanese writing, which in turn is derived from Brahmi. This writing survives on an earthenware burial jar dated 1200s or 1300s.

Theoretically, if Manila had been the center of Tagalog, province of Pampanga and some parts of northern provinces in Luzon will be much widely infiltrated by the Tagalog language.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magboo
http://wapedia.mobi/tl/Wikang_Tagalog
http://tl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sulat_ng_Platong_Tanso_ng_Laguna
http://www.mts.net/~pmorrow/baybay1.htm


Which dialect is the most important?
To tell the truth, no language or dialect is inherently more important than the other. The dialect of Tagalog spoken in Manila is considered more important than those in Batangas because of the city itself. Had Balayan, Batangas been a city more important than Manila, then standard Tagalog may be slightly different.

Crime Statistics (2006)

It is quite astounding to know that the places whose hugging the headlines lately and in the past involving life-terminating crimes, particularly from Metro Manila and ARMM region, are not topping the list of Philippine National Police's Crime Statistical Data for murder & homicide.

Major players for 2006 ranging from murder to theft are Region 4-A or Southern Tagalog Region (Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal, Quezon); National Capital Region or Metro Manila; Region 7 or Central Visayas (Negros Oriental, Cebu, Bohol, Siquijor); Region 6 or Western Visayas (Capiz, Aklan, Antique, Negros Occidental, Iloilo, Guimaras); and Region 11 or Davao Region (Davao Oriental, Compostela Valley, Davao del Sur, Davao del Norte).

Top Regions with Highest Crime Rate (Number of Crimes) of
January, 2006:
Murder - Region 4-A (78)
Homicide - Region 4-A (67)
Physical Injuries - Region 7 (304 )
Rape - Region 4-A (30)
Robbery - Metro Manila (245)
Theft - Region 7 (313)

February, 2006:
Murder - Region 4-A (51)
Homicide - Region 4-A (40)
Physical Injuries - Region 7 (205)
Rape - Region 6 (29)
Robbery - Metro Manila (277)
Theft - Metro Manila (278)

March, 2006:
Murder - Region 11 (61)
Homicide - Region 4-A (42)
Physical Injuries - Region 7 (232)
Rape - Metro Manila (30)
Robbery - Metro Manila (291)
Theft - Metro Manila (306)

April, 2006:
Murder - Region 4-A (67)
Homicide - Metro Manila (46)
Physical Injuries - Region 7 (255)
Rape - Region 6 (28)
Robbery - Metro Manila (258)
Theft - Metro Manila (296)

May, 2006:
Murder - Region 7 (53)
Homicide - Region 4-A (43)
Physical Injuries - Region 7 (255)
Rape - Metro Manila (28)
Robbery - Metro Manila (251)
Theft - Metro Manila (296)

June, 2006:
Murder - Region 4-A (67)
Homicide - Region 4-A (45)
Physical Injuries - Region 7 (252)
Rape - Metro Manila (30)
Robbery - Metro Manila (273)
Theft - Metro Manila (314)

July, 2006:
Murder - Region 4-A (67)
Homicide - Region 4-A (51)
Physical Injuries - Region 7 (265)
Rape - Metro Manila (32)
Robbery - Metro Manila (240)
Theft - Metro Manila (269)

August, 2006:
Murder - Region 7 (56)
Homicide - Region 4-A (45)
Physical Injuries - Region 7 (319)
Rape - Metro Manila (26)
Robbery - Metro Manila (275)
Theft - Metro Manila (292)

September, 2006:
Murder - Region 4-A (73)
Homicide - Region 4-A (52)
Physical Injuries - Region 7 (231)
Rape - Metro Manila (30)
Robbery - Metro Manila (269)
Theft - Metro Manila (277)

October, 2006:
Murder - Region 7 (60)
Homicide - Region 4-A (36)
Physical Injuries - Region 7 (225)
Rape - Metro Manila (24)
Robbery - Metro Manila (249)
Theft - Metro Manila (281)

November, 2006:
Murder - Region 11 (59)
Homicide - Metro Manila (41)
Physical Injuries - Metro Manila (186)
Rape - Region 7 (30)
Robbery - Metro Manila (265)
Theft - Metro Manila (269)

December, 2006:
Murder - Metro Manila (53)
Homicide - Region 4-A (43)
Physical Injuries - Metro Manila (180)
Rape - Region 3 (25)
Robbery - Metro Manila (223)
Theft - Metro Manila (209)